This video created by Teckno Mechanics is a great example of how the transmission in your motorcycle works. Watch this six-minute video to have a better understanding of what is going on in your transmission.
This video explains the working mechanisms involved in a motorcycle transmission. A motorcycle gearbox is a series of gear steps that help to change the torque and rpm of a wheel depending on the different conditions. It is a constant mesh sequential transmission system. In a Constant Mesh Transmission system, all gears remain constantly meshed with each corresponding gear mates at all times.